This is to correlate with my Scientific American guest blog post, “Natural versus Synthetic Chemicals Is a Gray Matter”.
Please not that I will update this list soon to include more information!
Botulinum toxin (aka Botox)- botulism is caused by this protein and neurotoxin produced by bacteria spores
Tetanospasmin– A neurotoxin produced by bacteria that causes Tetanus
Palytoxin– narrows the blood vessels particularly large arteries and is found in a variety of marine life
Diphtheria toxin– Is secreted by bacteria and causes diphtheria
Ciguatoxin– A class of toxins found in certain fish that cause a food-borne illness called Ciguatera
Batrachotoxin- A cardiotoxin and neurotoxin found in poison-dart frogs, melyrid beetles and certain birds
Saxitoxin– a paralytic produced by shellfish
Tetrodotoxin– A neurotoxin produced by a variety of marine life, most notably the puffer fish
Ricin– (Breaking Bad fans may remember this one! ) It comes from castor beans and damages the ribosomes that carry out protein synthesis in cells
Alpha-Amanatin– Causes liver failure and death and is found in mushrooms of the genus Amanita including the Death Cap
Muscarine– a cardio and neuro toxin produced by certain mushrooms
Aflatoxins– A class of fungal produced toxins and carcinogens that contaminate grains, peanuts and corn (Aflatoxin B1 is the most toxic in this class)